Saturday, 24 August 2013

Tamiya TEU-104BK mod for LiPo cut-off

Many Tamiya kits available on sale today still come with the TEU-104BK ESC. This ESC is perfectly fine for running brushed motors, but does not contain a BEC and its low voltage cut-off is too low for LiPo batteries.

The missing BEC is easily dealt with: either use "high voltage" compatible servo and receiver, or a cheap external BEC.

Fortunately it is also easy to modify the ESC to have a LiPo compatible voltage cut-off -- assuming you are able to solder a tiny surface-mount resistor.

WARNING: This and other DIY projects are purely "at your own risk". If you are at all uncomfortable or inexperienced working with electronics, please reconsider doing the job yourself.

By default the voltage cut-off is set to 4.5V. We measured this by connecting the ESC to a lab-power-supply, slowly lowering the voltage until the ESC cut off and started to flash the LED.

For a 2S LiPo 4.5V is way below the voltage that damages the battery, we rather need a cut-off at 6V or slightly higher.

The ESC implements the voltage cut-off through its microcontroller. A resistor divider comprising of R1 and R2 on the PCB divide the battery voltage down to a level that can be measured by the microcontroller. R2 is 10 KOhm, and R1 is 27 KOhm. By lowering the resistor value of R2 we can increase the threshold for cut-off from 4.5V to 6.2V. We can lower the resistor by adding a 20 KOhm resistor in parallel to R2. This way we don't have to remove components from the ESC.

The components used in the ESC are tiny 0402 SMD parts. But due to the way the board is layout it is possible to use a larger 0805 SMD 20 KOhm resistor, which is easier to handle by humans.

We laid the 20 kOhm resistor onto R2 and soldered it to the bottom pad. The other side of the resistor we soldered on the bottom pad of R1, which is directly connecting to R2.

Depending on your soldering skills it does not take more than 10 minutes to modify the ESC. With the modification the ESC shuts off at just the right time when your LiPo batteries deplete.

Update Aug 2015: the LiPo cut-off mode is now also available for the new Tamiya TBLE-02S ESC

6 comments:

  1. Beside the lipo cut-off, is the other component of the TEU-104BK able to consume the high voltage of the lipo battery?

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. The components in the TEU-104BK are fine for a 2S LiPo. It can not handle 3S or higher though.

      Just ensure that the rest of your electronics can deal with 2S too, and be aware that there is a 750mA fuse in the TEU-104BK, so high torque servos that draw a lot of amps can not be connected without increasing the fuse rating.

      Delete
  2. Thanks for the great information! What is the cut-off voltage after the modification?
    Is it
    Vref = 4.5 x (10+27)/27=6.17V;
    Voff'= Vref xR1/(R1+R2') = 6.17 x 27 / (27+6.67) = 4.95V?

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Thanks for your kind words. The cut-off voltage with the 20k resistor in parallel is 6.2V.

      Delete
  3. Great stuff, thanks. Do you know if the same trick aplies to the 105? It seems a very similar item, except for the added BEC.
    Cheers,
    Hugo

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. I had a 105 open once and it indeed look similar, but have never checked whether the mod works in the same way. If anyone wants to borrow me one to try I'd be happy to give it a go!

      Delete